Do you want to be a front-end or back-end, web developer? Maybe you want to be a full-stack developer. Each field has its own set of technologies. However, there are several web technologies that you should be aware of regardless of the type of development.
A web stack is a collection of software that forms the environment for a web application. Most stacks consist of a programming language, a web server, a framework, and a database. A back-end developer must be conversant with the complete stack, whereas a front-end web developer must focus on particular components.
What Are the Various Web Technologies?
Web technologies are frequently classified based on where they are deployed. Are they concerned with the client-side or server-side web applications? If you want to work in web development, you must understand the fundamental categories of web technology. As a result, here is a list of web development technologies organized by category:
- CSS and HTML
- Frameworks for Programming Languages
- Servers for the Internet
- Databases \Protocols
- Finally, data Formats
Although various technologies are used in developing a web application, some are more important than others.
Learn the Best Web Technologies
To design a web application, a developer should be knowledgeable in one or two programming languages, front- and back-end frameworks, databases, and CSS.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) allows web designers to customize the appearance of a web page. CSS frameworks like Bootstrap and Tailwind CSS can help speed up page development. On the other hand, front-end developers can construct modular CSS components that can be reused as needed, eliminating the requirement for frameworks like Materialize and Bulma.
Web page design and construction tools are constantly being created. LESS and SASS, for example, are pre-compilers that provide functionality and make CSS easier to work with.
Frameworks handle repetitive development processes or make programming tasks easier to complete. Frameworks exist for both server-side and client-side web development. Frameworks are required for many programming languages. Among the server-side frameworks are:
- Ruby on Rails Ruby.NET full-stack framework.
- Django, a full-stack framework from Microsoft.
- Yii, Zend, and Laravel full-stack framework for Python. Three of the most widely used PHP frameworks.
- The Java framework.
With so many frameworks available, learning different frameworks is simple. The ideal strategy is to start with one or two and then grow as needed.
Languages of Programming
Programmers have preferred languages. The best language is a question of desire rather than functionality, though one language may be better suited to an application than another. The most common programming languages are listed below.
- Finally, Scala
Elixir and Scala are both relatively new programming languages. Go, Objective-C for iPhones, and Swift are some other languages available. Swift is the newest programming language from Apple.
Databases can be relational, such as SQL, or non-relational, such as MongoDB. Web applications, regardless of the database, use them to store data that is shown on web pages. The most popular databases are shown below.
- MongoDB is a free and open-source NoSQL database.
- Oracle is a commercial SQL database.
- SQL Server – The SQL database from Microsoft.
- Redis is the most widely used key-value store.
- PostgreSQL is a well-known open-source SQL database.
- MySQL is a well-known open-source database.
Understanding data storage improves the efficiency of information transmission from the front-end to the back-end.
Web Development Technologies Overview
Browsers, web servers, protocols, data formats, and APIs are all part of the essential web technologies.
Web applications should be browser agnostic.
- Chrome by Google.
- Safari is the most popular browser.
- Firefox, Apple’s web browser.
- Internet Explorer is an open-source browser.
- Microsoft’s internet browser
However, web pages may not appear correctly if a program is not self-contained.
Web servers act as intermediaries between clients and servers, facilitating communication between the parties.
- Apache Web Server
- Nginx Web Server
- Internet Information Services Web Server
- LiteSpeed Web Server
These are the web servers that are utilized the most frequently
Lighttpd, Node.js, and Apache Tomcat are a few examples of additional web servers.
Protocols define how data interacts between computers. Furthermore, HTTPS is the protocol that connects a browser to a website. Indeed, it is the primary mode of information transmission through the internet. Two more recent protocols:
DDP is a new Meteor-related protocol that establishes a consistent socket connection between the client and the server.
REST — is an API protocol.
An API is an application programming interface that allows one program to interact with another. It exchanges information using established rules. Facebook and Google use APIs for their web services.
Data formats are used to arrange data storage. Although XML is still used in most Microsoft systems, JSON is quickly becoming the more popular format. Spreadsheet programs like Excel typically use the CSV data format, which separates individual pieces of data with commas.
The process of developing websites is made easier by the constant evolution of web technology, which sees the introduction of new features and functions on an almost daily basis.